There is much more to say about the Israel-Palestine conflict and the Islamic war on Israel, but the idea was to give a summary of the historical events, especially of major conflicts like wars, and to show who was at fault each time and how we arrived here, in this time where the whole Islamic world manipulates the rest of the world merely by coming together and telling the same false narrative about Israel. Note: I don’t fully side with or support any state. This is merely a stance against the global hate agenda against the nation of Israel, a hate campaign that could also be done against any other nation. Every nation and state has flaws, so does Israel, but the flaws implied by the Islamic World are just the result of their hate of this nation. Support AP: https://apostateprophet.com/donate/ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/apostateprophet Paypal: https://www.paypal.me/apostateprophet AP Merchandise: https://merch.apostateprophet.com/
America’s Democrats are a “new Nazi party,” the “party of jihad, Jew-hatred and communism,” Jewish anti-sharia activist Pamela Geller recently declared, in light of the Democrats’ inability to censure Representative Ilhan Omar for antisemitism. As previously noted, rationalizations and Muslim identity politics excuses have enabled Leftist and Islamic supremacists to normalize their anti-Semitic views on Israel, a development that has left American Jews questioning their political future.
A like-minded Jewish analyst, Deborah Weiss, described the Omar affair as a “wake-up call” for Jews, who have historically been loyal Democratic voters. Conservative commentator Eileen Toplansky agreed that Omar and her fellow Muslim Democratic congresswoman Rashida Tlaib“should awaken even the most somnolent Jew to the Democratic Party’s being overwhelmed by the enemies of America.” The “Democrats into whom they invested everything have turned on them,” said the prominent orthodox rabbi Dov Fischer.
Conservative commentator Daniel Greenfield has analyzed various factors contributing to the rise in America’s leftist antisemitism, including the Democrats’ turn towards socialism. “Jew-hate and socialism have always gone hand in hand,” he has documented, while the virulent antisemitism often present on college campuses is now taking over progressive politics with anti-Jewish victimhood narratives. Conservative commentator Bruce Bawer has noted that progressives’ “current victim-group hierarchy…places Muslims at the very top” and “Jews at or near the bottom, if not eliminating them from the picture entirely.” “Sorry, honey, but Jews are not part of Intersectionality,” Fischer has stated.
Victimhood claims by Muslims such as Omar, observed conservative writer Steve Postal, act as “merely a Trojan horse to inject anti-Semitism into mainstream political discourse.” Thus the conservative activist and rabbi Aryeh Speroidentifies a “strategy, as we have seen from Islamists in Europe,” of a “slow but inevitable seepage of anti-Jewish caricatures into the country’s political discourse.” Bawer in Norway confirms that the “Islamization of Western Europe has made everyday life nothing less than perilous for Jews.” Accordingly, Muslim reformer Asra Nomani, a former colleague of journalist Daniel Pearl, whom jihadists beheaded in 2002 in Pakistan, described a phone call in which Pearl’s father revealed that now “Jews in America are afraid.”
These new political realities confound many Jews, as political scientist Abraham Miller has noted that “Jews and Democrats have traditionally been in the vanguard of support for ‘minority’ rights.” This reflects the Anti-Defamation League’s (ADL) leftist biases that reveal themselves in skewedhate crime statistics. Greenfield particularly noted how President Donald Trump’s election prompted the American Jewish Committee (AJC) to form the Muslim-Jewish Advisory Council with the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA). Greenfield scorned this “Wolf-Sheep Advisory Council,” given ISNA’s extensive links to jihadists and sharia supremacists.
As Greenfield explained, AJC had far greater expectations than ISNA for this “sick sad joke in which Jewish lefties ally with Jihadists against a pro-Israel administration.” Yet for Jews today often experience unrequited political love, Miller observed, for “increasingly, ‘minorities’ do not support Jews or Israel’s right to exist.” This includes not just Muslims, but many other minority groups that “mindlessly embrace intersectionality,” such as Berkeley, California’s “Gays for Palestine,” a decidedly LGBT-unfriendly society.
Washington Examiner editor Philip Klein has correspondingly examined why historic Jewish liberal political leanings and trends such as secularization among Jews will at least slow any political shift of Jews to the Republican Party. Miller bemoaned the fact that “Jews, for whom being a Democrat is a commandment from the Almighty, will find a rationale in it for their continued self-exploitation and self-hatred.” Political analyst Steve Feinsteinconcurred that Democratic Jews have an “almost unfathomably limitless capacity for self-deception.”
A good example of this leftist Jewish self-deception appears at the website of the George Soros-funded Center for American Progress (CAP). “The threat to American Jews comes from the growing white nationalist movement,” wrote Max Berger, cofounder of the radicalanti-Israel group IfNotNow. Today “global anti-Semitism is on the rise, just as it was in the 1930s, when capitalism produced inequality on a massive scale.”
European Union statistics from 2018 decidedly refute Berger’s Marxist cant, as surveyed Jews reported that a preponderance of the antisemitism they encountered came from Muslims and Leftists. These were respectively the first and second largest reported ideological sources of antisemitism, followed by European rightwingers. Federalist editor David Harsanyiconfirms that the “average American Jew is more likely to encounter an aggressively ‘anti-Zionist’ BDS activist on a campus (or a progressive march) than a white supremacist anywhere.”
Such facts explain why polling data in the years leading up to 2014 has suggested declining Jewish support for the Democratic Party. Following orthodox Jewry’s embrace of the Republican Party, Fischer therefore foresees a broader “formal political realignment of Jews away from the Democrat Party.” For example, the group Jexodus recently launched at the most recent Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), and Spero led a protest at House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s office.
Jewish alienation from the Democratic Party would have significant impact, because America’s small but successful Jewish minority possesses an outsized political influence. The Jerusalem Postreported in 2016 that perhaps half of all Democratic, and a quarter of all Republican, political donations, come from Jews. For Democrats such as Omar, that is indeed a lot of “Benjamins” at stake, should Jews like the legal authority Alan Dershowitz not feel welcome in the Democratic Party.
Jews would do themselves and the broader American society a favor by critically reflecting on their political affiliations. If the Democratic Party wants to victimize Jews and others by becoming the home of political Islam and leftist radicalism, then Jews should make the Democrats pay a price. Anti-Semitic and anti-American Democrats such as Omar must receive a clear rebuke by Jews who are not selling their political allegiances cheap on the basis of outdated habits
The Invention of the “Palestinians” Western authorities never seem to ponder why so many attempts to achieve a negotiated peace between Israel and the “Palestinians,” whose historical existence everyone by now takes for granted, have all failed. The answer, of course, lies in the Islamic doctrine of jihad.
In 1948, the nascent state of Israel defeated forces from Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Transjordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen that had been determined to destroy it utterly. The jihad against it continued, but it held firm, defeating Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon again in the Six-Day War in 1967, and Egypt and Syria yet again in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. In winning these victories against enormous odds, Israel won the admiration of the free world, leading to the largest-scale and most audacious application in Islamic history of Muhammad’s dictum “War is deceit.”
In order to destroy the impression of the tiny Jewish state’s facing enormous Muslim Arab foes and prevailing, the Soviet KGB (the Soviet Committee for State Security) developed the fiction of an even smaller people, the “Palestinians,” menaced by a well-oiled and ruthless Israeli war machine. In A.D. 134, the Romans had expelled the Jews from Judea after the Bar Kokhba revolt and renamed the region Palestine, a name they plucked from the Bible, the name of the Israelites’ ancient enemies, the Philistines. But never had the name Palestinian referred to anything but a region, not to a people or an ethnicity. In the 1960s, however, the KGB and Hajj Amin al-Husseini’s nephew Yasir Arafat created both these allegedly oppressed people and the instrument of their freedom, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
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Ion Mihai Pacepa, who had served as acting chief of Cold War– era Communist Romania’s spy service, later revealed that “the PLO was dreamt up by the KGB, which had a penchant for ‘liberation’ organizations. There was the National Liberation Army of Bolivia, created by the KGB in 1964 with help from Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara…the KGB also created the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, which carried out numerous bombing attacks…. In 1964 the first PLO Council, consisting of 422 Palestinian representatives handpicked by the KGB, approved the Palestinian National Charter—a document that had been drafted in Moscow. The Palestinian National Covenant and the Palestinian Constitution were also born in Moscow, with the help of Ahmed Shuqairy, a KGB influence agent who became the first PLO chairman.”
For Arafat to head up the PLO, he had to be a Palestinian. Pacepa explained that “he was an Egyptian bourgeois turned into a devoted Marxist by KGB foreign intelligence. The KGB had trained him at its Balashikha special-operations school east of Moscow and in the mid- 1960s decided to groom him as the future PLO leader. First, the KGB destroyed the official records of Arafat’s birth in Cairo, and replaced them with fictitious documents saying that he had been born in Jerusalem and was therefore a Palestinian by birth.”
Arafat may have been a Marxist, at least at first, but he and his Soviet handlers made copious use of Islamic anti-Semitism. KGB chief Yuri Andropov noted that “the Islamic world was a waiting petri dish in which we could nurture a virulent strain of America-hatred, grown from the bacterium of Marxist-Leninist thought. Islamic anti-Semitism ran deep…. We had only to keep repeating our themes—that the United States and Israel were ‘fascist, imperial-Zionist countries’ bankrolled by rich Jews. Islam was obsessed with preventing the infidels’ occupation of its territory, and it would be highly receptive to our characterization of the U.S. Congress as a rapacious Zionist body aiming to turn the world into a Jewish fiefdom.”
PLO executive committee member Zahir Muhsein explained the strategy more fully in a 1977 interview with the Dutch newspaper Trouw:
The Palestinian people does not exist. The creation of a Palestinian state is only a means for continuing our struggle against the state of Israel for our Arab unity. In reality today there is no difference between Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese. Only for political and tactical reasons do we speak today about the existence of a Palestinian people, since Arab national interests demand that we posit the existence of a distinct “Palestinian people” to oppose Zionism.
For tactical reasons, Jordan, which is a sovereign state with defined borders, cannot raise claims to Haifa and Jaffa, while as a Palestinian, I can undoubtedly demand Haifa, Jaffa, Beer-Sheva and Jerusalem. However, the moment we reclaim our right to all of Palestine, we will not wait even a minute to unite Palestine and Jordan.
Once the people had been created, their desire for peace could be easily fabricated as well. Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu tutored Arafat in how to play the West like a fiddle. Pacepa recounted: “In March 1978, I secretly brought Arafat to Bucharest for final instructions on how to behave in Washington. ‘You simply have to keep on pretending that you’ll break with terrorism and that you’ll recognize Israel—over, and over, and over,’ Ceausescu told him [Arafat]…. Ceausescu was euphoric over the prospect that both Arafat and he might be able to snag a Nobel Peace Prize with their fake displays of the olive branch…. Ceausescu failed to get his Nobel Peace Prize. But in 1994 Arafat got his—all because he continued to play the role we had given him to perfection. He had transformed his terrorist PLO into a government-in-exile (the Palestinian Authority), always pretending to call a halt to Palestinian terrorism while letting it continue unabated. Two years after signing the Oslo Accords, the number of Israelis killed by Palestinian terrorists had risen by 73 percent.”
This strategy continued to work beautifully, through U.S.-brokered “peace process” after “peace process,” from the 1978 Camp David Accords into the presidency of Barack Obama and beyond, with no end in sight. Western authorities never seem to ponder why so many attempts to achieve a negotiated peace between Israel and the “Palestinians,” whose historical existence everyone by now takes for granted, have all failed. The answer, of course, lies in the Islamic doctrine of jihad. “Drive them out from where they drove you out” is a command that contains no mitigation and accepts none.
Over 100 Links Discovered Between Jihad Terror Groups and BDS-Promoting NGOs
The BDS movement is an obvious emulation of the Nazis, who began their actions against the Jews with boycott of Jewish-owned businesses. It is also an attempt to legitimize and give a patina of righteousness to what is in its essence a jihad operation with aims that are frankly and often avowedly genocidal. And the Left in the West has bought into it in a big way.
“‘Terrorists in Suits’: Over 100 links revealed between terrorists and BDS groups,” World Israel News, February 3, 2019:
The Ministry of Strategic Affairs revealed over 100 links between terror groups and BDS-promoting NGOs, including the employment of 30 current and “retired” terror operatives.
The Ministry of Strategic Affairs and Public Diplomacy (MSA) released its “Terrorists in Suits” report on Sunday, revealing over 100 links shared between the internationally-designated terrorist organizations Hamas and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) with at least 13 anti-Israel BDS promoting NGOs.
Elaborating on a previous report, the ministry reveals how Hamas and the PFLP are utilizing a network of NGOs promoting boycotts against Israel as an additional tactic in their ultimate goal of dismantling the State of Israel. These organizations have successfully placed over 30 of their members, 20 of which have served time, including for murder, in senior positions within BDS-promoting NGOs.
The report documents how boycott organizations and terrorist designated organizations raise finances together, share the same personnel, and showcases that contrary to popular belief, these officials have not abandoned their support for terrorism, but instead, continue to maintain organizational, financial, and active ties with terrorist groups.
Funding from Europe, philanthropic foundations
The Israel-boycott organizations in question were also shown to have received millions of euros in funding from European countries and philanthropic foundations, while gaining access to additional funds through financial, crowdfunding and banking systems.
Examples of terrorists working in support of organizations that promote the boycotting of Israel include Leila Khaled and Mustafa Awad.
Khaled became infamous for hijacking two civilian airliners, Flights TWA 840 and El Al 219, and to this day remains active in the internationally-designated terrorist group the PFLP. She has fundraised for, and promoted, anti-Israel boycott NGOs both in Europe and South Africa. In 2011 she was found to have taken coordinated actions for a terrorist cell planning on attacking sites in Jerusalem. Furthermore, in October 2018 Khaled was quoted in an interview saying, “Palestine will be liberated through resistance in all its forms, first and foremost through armed struggle.”
Awad, is currently serving time for his involvement in several terrorist organizations, including serving as a member of the PFLP and received training from Iranian terrorist group Hezbollah. He also represented Samidoun in Brussels, an organization known for promoting boycotts against the State of Israel and advocating for the release of Palestinian security-prisoners in Israeli jails, including those convicted of murdering civilians in terrorist PFLP attacks.
Connections to Hamas, Islamic Jihad
Another instance includes the BDS National Committee (BNC), the Ramallah-based leadership of the global Boycott movement toward Israel, consists of 28 Palestinian boycott groups. The lead member of this coalition is the Palestinian National and Islamic Forces (PNIF), which includes five internationally-designated terrorist organizations including Hamas, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Palestinian Islamic Jihad. The American fundraising platform Donorbox recently suspended the BNC’s account after finding the group did indeed maintain ties to terrorist groups.
Over the past year, and following MSA activities to expose NGO terror ties, several European countries have announced the reexamination and decrease in funding granted to organizations which promote boycotts against the State of Israel.
The report also showed how members of terrorist organizations operate under the guise of “boycott activists” to gain access, and meet with, senior Western government officials and exert pressure to release convicted terrorists held in Israeli prisons….
These figures are a rough estimate of the death of non-Muslims by the political act of jihad.
Thomas Sowell [Thomas Sowell, Race and Culture, BasicBooks, 1994, p. 188] estimates that 11 million slaves were shipped across the Atlantic and 14 million were sent to the Islamic nations of North Africa and the Middle East. For every slave captured many others died. Estimates of this collateral damage vary. The renowned missionary David Livingstone estimated that for every slave who reached a plantation, five others were killed in the initial raid or died of illness and privation on the forced march.[Woman’s Presbyterian Board of Missions, David Livingstone, p. 62, 1888] Those who were left behind were the very young, the weak, the sick and the old. These soon died since the main providers had been killed or enslaved. So, for 25 million slaves delivered to the market, we have an estimated death of about 120 million people. Islam ran the wholesale slave trade in Africa.
120 million Africans
The number of Christians martyred by Islam is 9 million [David B. Barrett, Todd M. Johnson, World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200, William Carey Library, 2001, p. 230, table 4-10] . A rough estimate by Raphael Moore in History of Asia Minor is that another 50 million died in wars by jihad. So counting the million African Christians killed in the 20th century we have:
60 million Christians
Koenard Elst in Negationism in India gives an estimate of 80 million Hindus killed in the total jihad against India. [Koenard Elst, Negationism in India, Voice of India, New Delhi, 2002, pg. 34.] The country of India today is only half the size of ancient India, due to jihad. The mountains near India are called the Hindu Kush, meaning the “funeral pyre of the Hindus.”
80 million Hindus
Buddhists do not keep up with the history of war. Keep in mind that in jihad only Christians and Jews were allowed to survive as dhimmis (servants to Islam) everyone else had to convert or die. Jihad killed the Buddhists in Turkey, Afghanistan, along the Silk Route, and in India. The total is roughly 10 million. [David B. Barrett, Todd M. Johnson, World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200, William Carey Library, 2001, p. 230, table 4-1.] 10 million Buddhists
Oddly enough there were not enough Jews killed in jihad to significantly affect the totals of the Great Annihilation. The jihad in Arabia was 100 percent effective, but the numbers were in the thousands, not millions. After that, the Jews submitted and became the dhimmis (servants and second class citizens) of Islam and did not have geographic political power.
This gives a rough estimate of 270 million killed by jihad.
A finalist for World Magazine’s Book of the Year!
“Essential reading.” —Antonio Carreño, Brown University
“A watershed in scholarship.” —Raphael Israeli, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
“Desperately, desperately needed as a counter to the mythology that pervades academia on this subject.” —Paul F. Crawford, California University of Pennsylvania
“An intelligent reinterpretation of a supposed paradise of convivencia.” —Julia Pavón Benito, University of Navarra
“A splendid book . . . Must-reading.” —Noël Valis, Yale University
“I am in awe of The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise.” —FrontPage Magazine
“A bracing remedy to a good deal of the academic pabulum that passes for scholarship.” —Middle East Quarterly
“An exhilarating and unput-downable read.” —Standpoint
Scholars, journalists, and even politicians uphold Muslim-ruled medieval Spain—“al-Andalus”—as a multicultural paradise, a place where Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived in harmony.
There is only one problem with this widely accepted account: it is a myth.
In this groundbreaking book, Northwestern University scholar Darío Fernández-Morera tells the full story of Islamic Spain. The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise shines light on hidden history by drawing on an abundance of primary sources that scholars have ignored, as well as archaeological evidence only recently unearthed.
This supposed beacon of peaceful coexistence began, of course, with the Islamic Caliphate’s conquest of Spain. Far from a land of religious tolerance, Islamic Spain was marked by religious and therefore cultural repression in all areas of life and the marginalization of Christians and other groups—all this in the service of social control by autocratic rulers and a class of religious authorities.
The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise provides a desperately needed reassessment of medieval Spain. As professors, politicians, and pundits continue to celebrate Islamic Spain for its “multiculturalism” and “diversity,” Fernández-Morera sets the historical record straight—showing that a politically useful myth is a myth nonetheless.
“Shows in meticulous detail . . . that intolerance, segregation, formal inequality, and brutality were the order of the day [in Islamic Spain].”
—The New Criterion
“[Fernández-Morera] must be commended for daring to wade into this hazardous arena. He has come well-armed: his The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise has 95 pages of notes, and the lionisers of political correctness will not find it easy to penetrate chinks in his bibliographical armour of primary and secondary sources, many not published in English. In an exhilarating and unput-downable read, Fernández-Morera debunks the fashionable myth that Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived together (convivencia) under ‘tolerant’ Muslim rule. . . . World-class academics—hailing from Yale, Harvard, Chicago, Princeton, London, Oxford—look like fools in their apologetics for jihad.”
“Numerous books propagandize for Islam by calling Muslim rule in Spain during the Middle Ages a golden age of tolerance. Darío Fernández-Morera’s The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise: Muslims, Christians, and Jews Under Islamic Rule in Medieval Spain (ISI Books) cuts against PR for Islam by giving specific examples of rulers cutting off heads or applying burning candles to the faces of sexual slaves.”
—World magazine, naming The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise a finalist for Book of the Year
“Often a work of historical revisionism is a dubious exercise in discovering trendy, hidden agendas with little bearing on the actual record of the past. The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise is decidedly not such a study and is instead a bracing remedy to a good deal of the academic pabulum that passes for scholarship on Jewish-Christian-Muslim relations.”
—Middle East Quarterly
“A first-rate work of scholarship that demolishes the fabrication of the multiethnic, multiconfessional convivencia in Spain under Muslim rule. The book is also an exposé of the endemic problems of contemporary Western academe. . . . Space does not allow us to list all of the fables—some bizarre, others laughable, most of them infuriating—that Fernández-Morera dispatches with unassailable logic and ruthless efficiency.”
“I am in awe of The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise. . . . This book is an intellectual boxing match. The author shreds not just one opponent, but a series of intellectual bigots, prostitutes, and manipulators of the common man. . . . He uses research and objective facts to make his case. Nothing could be more transgressive in academia today.”
“The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise prompts readers to rethink their traditional notion of Islamic Spain. Fernández-Morera shows that it was not a harmonious locus of tolerance. Paying special attention to primary sources, he documents how Islamic Spain was in fact dominated by cultural repression and marginalization. The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise is essential reading. It will soon find its place on the shelves of premier academic institutions and in the syllabi of pioneering scholars.”
—Antonio Carreño, W. Duncan McMillan Family Professor in the Humanities, Emeritus, Brown University
“I could not put this book down. The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise constitutes a watershed in scholarship. Throughan unbiased and open-minded reading of the primary sources, Fernández-Morera brilliantly debunks the myths that for so long have dominated Islamic historiography and conventional wisdom. We were waiting for this great breakthrough to come to light, and Fernández-Morera has done it. Bravo!”
—Raphael Israeli, Professor Emeritus of Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Chinese History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
“Fernández-Morera examines the underside of Islamic Spain, a civilization usually considered a model of dynamism and vigor. Through the study of primary sources, he questions the historiographic and intellectual view of the superiority of that civilization. This is an intelligent reinterpretation of a supposed paradise of convivencia.”
—Julia Pavón Benito, Professor of Medieval Spanish History, University of Navarra
“Desperately, desperately needed as a counter to the mythology that pervades academia on this subject. This book sheds much-needed light on current debates about the relationship between the West and Islam. It displays rare good sense and a willingness to face truth that is all too often absent in discussions of this era.”
—Paul F. Crawford, Professor of Ancient and Medieval History, California University of Pennsylvania
“A splendid book. This sober and hard-hitting reassessment demolishes the myths of religious tolerance and multiculturalism that have hopelessly romanticized the precarious coexistence and harsh realities of medieval Spain under Muslim rule. Well documented and persuasively argued, this book is must-reading as a window into the lessons of the past.”
—Noël Valis, Professor, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, Yale University
“Fernández-Morera takes on the long-overdue topic of assessing medieval Muslim Spain’s reputation for ethnic pluralism, religious tolerance, and cultural secularism. Finding this view based on a ‘culture of forgetting,’ he documents the reign of strict sharia in Andalusia, with its attendant discrimination against non-Muslims and subjugation of women. So much for the charming fantasy of open-mindedness and mutual respect.”
—Daniel Pipes, historian of Islam and publisher of the Middle East Quarterly
“Brilliant . . . A thorough and entertaining study, as masterful as it is pointed.”
“Reveals the awesome and awful truth camouflaged by many in the West who have written apologies for Muslim-ruled Andalusia . . . More than 90 pages of footnotes to contemporary sources in their original languages make his thesis unassailable.”
—New English Review
About the Author
Darío Fernández-Morera is Associate Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at Northwestern University. A former member of the National Council on the Humanities, he holds a BA from Stanford University, an MA from the University of Pennsylvania, and a PhD from Harvard University. He has published several books and many articles on cultural, literary, historical, and methodological issues in Spain, Latin America, and the United States.
god who is the first principle of all things, may be compared to things created as the architect is to things designed. - st. Thomas Aquinas (God the Architect of Creation -- Frontispiece of la Bible Moralisée - Codex Vindobonensis, circa 1220-1230)
god who is the first principle of all things, may be compared to things created as the architect is to things designed. - st. Thomas Aquinas (God the Architect of Creation -- Frontispiece of la Bible Moralisée - Codex Vindobonensis, circa 1220-1230)