Are Christians and Muslims “Descendants of the Same Father, Abraham”?
April 15, 2019 | Luiz Sérgio Solimeo
Are Christians and Muslims “Descendants of the Same Father, Abraham”?
At the General Audience of April 3, to justify his marked sympathy for Islam Pope Francis repeated the cliché that “along with the Muslims, we are the descendants of the same Father, Abraham.”
Do All Religions “Always Look to Heaven; They Look to God”?
In that same statement, Pope Francis sought to counter criticism for his statement from Abu Dhabi that God wills the existence of various religions just as He wants diversity of race and sex.1
He went on to say in the General Audience that, the existence of many religions is willed by God, but by his permissive will. After asking himself “why does God allow many religions?” he replies that this is due “to God’s voluntas permissiva [permissive will],” adding that God “wanted to allow this reality: there are many religions.”2
He fails to explain that although God allows evil to exist in the world “partly that greater good may not be impeded, and partly that greater evil may not ensue,”3 He cannot be the cause, even indirectly, of any evil.
As Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange says, “the divine will cannot indeed, either directly or indirectly, will the disorder which is in sin, so neither can divine causality produce that disorder.”4
Pope Francis’s explanation is even more flawed as he adds that “Some [religions] are born from culture, but they always look to heaven; they look to God.”5
The phrase is very ambiguous because false religions cannot seek Heaven and God correctly and efficiently. Otherwise, the necessary conclusion would be that all of them are good and salvific. If that were so, all of them would exist not by pure permission from God but by His positive will and desire. Yet, this is the meaning of the disputed sentence in the Abu Dhabi document that caused great scandal for presenting a God contradictory unto Himself by wanting both good and evil, truth and error.
A Myth Created by a “Muslim-Catholic” Priest
The false conception that there are three monotheistic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam6—and that they have a common origin in the Patriarch Abraham was created or at least spread by a pseudo-mystical French priest, Fr. Louis Massignon (1883–1962).7 He was such an Islamophile that when Pope Pius XI received him in audience on July 18, 1934, he maliciously called him a “Muslim-Catholic.”8
The theories of Louis Massignon influenced the Second Vatican Council.9
Abraham, the Father of Different Religions?
Fr. Charles Jourdan, CMJ, a French priest and Islamicist, asks, “How can Abraham be the father of different religions? Under what title is Abraham a father in the faith? Of which Abraham are we children?”10
He goes on to explain that Islam is more appropriately termed an “Adamic religion,” since it considers Adam to have been the first monotheistic prophet: “For Muslims, the first monotheist in history is Adam. But, Shh! Don’t say this out loud! Nevertheless, Islam is fundamentally Adamic, ‘the religion of always.’ It is not Abrahamic.”11
In his turn, Fr. Antoine Moussali, also an Islamicist, shows that there is nothing in common between the Abraham we know from Sacred Scripture, to whom God’s promise was fulfilled in Jesus Christ, and Islam’s Abraham. In the Koran, Abraham appears as the defender of the oneness of God (not Trinitarian), and therefore as a typical Muslim.12
The only common trait between the Abraham of the promise and that of Islam, Fr. Moussali explains, is the name itself: “Spiritually and theologically speaking, they are radically different. Indeed, there is a great distance between the character of the covenant and the promise, open to the future [coming of Christ] and the one whose mission was only to re-establish the ‘primitive’ religion. . . the norm of natural religion.”13
Lack of Basis in Historical-Genealogical Studies
The alleged affiliation of Muslims to Abraham lacks not only a biblical-theological basis but also a genealogical-historical one. A study by Fr. René Dagorn shows that the Arabs, before their contact with the Jews, were unaware of the existence of Ishmael, from whom they are claimed to descend.
In the conclusion of his book, Fr. Dagorn states: “This examination, almost exclusively based on the meticulous analysis of Arabian genealogical works and the oldest Muslim tradition, leads us to formally conclude the absolute and radical non-existence of Ishmael, Hagar, his mother, and even Abraham in the pre-Islamic Arab tradition.”14
He insists that since the Arabs didn’t preserve “the historical memory of a carnal and even spiritual attachment to Abraham through his Ishmaelite lineage,” it is absurd to use such a basis, “which in fact does not exist at all, for pseudo-theological or mystical deductions concerning the origins of Islam.”15
The true children of Abraham are those who do the works of Abraham, those who accept the fulfillment of the promise made to the Patriarch in Jesus Christ Our Lord.
Thus, Saint Paul tells the Galatians, “For you are all the children of God by faith, in Christ Jesus. … And if you be Christ’s, then are you the seed of Abraham, heirs according to the promise” (Gal. 3:26, 29).
When the Scribes and Pharisees claimed to be Abraham’s children, Jesus answered them, “If you be the children of Abraham, do the works of Abraham. But now you seek to kill me, a man who have spoken the truth to you, which I have heard of God. This Abraham did not” (John 8: 39–40).
Should We Preach Fraternity or the Gospel?
At the same public audience, Pope Francis said, “But what God wants is fraternity among us and in a special way … with our brothers, Abraham’s children like us, the Muslims.”
Our Lord Jesus Christ did not commission the Apostles to preach fraternity among all religions, but rather: “Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you” (Matt. 28:19–20).
This is the mission of the successors of the Apostles, and especially the Pope, the successor of Saint Peter. Unfortunately, it is not what we see in the regrettable days in which we live. May God in his mercy have pity on us and shorten these days.
Jewish and Muslim monotheism deny the Holy Trinity. Therefore they cannot be common to Christian monotheism: “The Trinity is the very essence of God”, as emphasized by Fr. Antoine Moussali. See La Croix et le Croissant, (Paris: Éditions de Paris, 1998), 19.
See Louis Massignon, Annuaire du Monde Musulman (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1955), 217.
Sam ShamounThe Quran describes Allah as the best deceiver there is, a liar who is not above using the same evil and wicked schemes of his opponents.For example, the Quran calls Allah a makr, in fact the best makr there is:But they (the Jews) were deceptive, and Allah was deceptive, for Allah is the best of deceivers (Wamakaroowamakara AllahuwaAllahukhayru al-makireena)! S. 3:54; cf. 8:30
Other texts that identify Allah as a makr include:Are they then secure from Allah’s deception (makra Allahi)? None deemeth himself secure from Allah’s deception (makra Allahi) save folk that perish. S. 7:99
So they schemed a scheme: and We schemed a scheme (Wamakaroo makran wamakarna makran), while they perceived not. S. 27:50The word for deception/deceiver/scheme is makr. The lexical sources define the term as:Miim-Kaf-Ra = To practice deceit or guile or circumvention, practice evasion or elusion, to plot, to exercise art or craft or cunning, act with policy, practice stratagem.
makara vb. (1)
perf. act. 3:54, 3:54, 7:123, 13:42, 14:46, 16:26, 16:45, 27:50, 40:45, 71:22
impf. act. 6:123, 6:123, 6:124, 8:30, 8:30, 8:30, 10:21, 12:102, 16:127, 27:70, 35:10
n.vb. 7:99, 7:99, 7:123, 10:21, 10:21, 12:31, 13:33, 13:42, 14:46, 14:46, 14:46, 27:50, 27:50, 27:51, 34:33, 35:10, 35:43, 35:43, 71:22
pcple. act. 3:54, 8:30
LL, V7, p: 256 (Source)And:He practised DECEIT, GUILE, or CIRCUMVENTION, desiring to do another a foul, an abominable, or an evil action, clandestinely or without his knowing whence it proceeded. (Lane’s Arabic-English Lexicon; source)Lest Muslims accuse these lexicons of bias or distortion notice what Muslim scholar Dr. Mahmoud M. Ayoub says when he asks,”how the word makr (scheming or plotting), which implies deceitfulness or dishonesty, could be attributed to God.” (The Quran and Its Interpreters – The House of Imran [State University of New York Press [SUNY], Albany 1992], Volume II, p. 165; italic emphasis ours)After listing several Muslim sources he quotes a renowned Muslim expositor named ar-Razi who wrote that,”scheming (makr) is actually an act of deception aiming at causing evil. It is not possible to attribute deception to God. Thus the word is one of the muttashabihat [multivalent words of the Quran].” (Ibid., p. 166; italic emphasis ours)Unfortunately for ar-Razi, the Quran attributes deception to Allah since it identifies him as the best makr there is.Ayoub also sources one Muslim who actually boasted of Allah being the best conniver/deceiver/schemer etc.,”Qurtubi observes that some scholars have considered the words ‘best of schemers’ to be one of God’s beautiful names. Thus one would pray, ‘O Best of Schemers, scheme for me!’ Qurtubi also reports that the Prophet used to pray, ‘O God, scheme for me, and do not scheme against me!’ (Qurtubi, IV, pp. 98-99; cf. Zamakhshari, I, p. 366).” (Ibid., p. 166)And here, also, is how one of the earliest sources on the life of Muhammad interpreted Q. 8:30:Then he reminds the apostle of His favour towards him when the people plotted against him ‘to kill him, or to wound him, or to drive him out; and they plotted and God plotted, and is the best of plotters.’ i.e. I DECEIVED them with My firm GUILE so that I delivered you from them. (The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat Rasul Allah, with introduction and notes by Alfred Guillaume [Oxford University Press, Karachi, Tenth impression 1995], p. 323; capital emphasis ours)Thus, the Quran unashamedly calls Muhammad’s god the best liar and deceiver of them all! It even dares to say that ALL deception belongs completely to Allah:And verily, those before them did deceive/scheme (makara), but all deception/scheming is Allah’s (falillahi al-makru). He knows what every person earns, and the disbelievers will know who gets the good end. S. 13:42In fact, the Quran states that Allah actually raises wicked individuals to deceive and scheme:Even so have we placed in every city, ringleaders of its wicked ones, to scheme therein (liyamkuroo): but only against themselves shall they scheme (yamkuroona)! and they know it not. S. 6:123 RodwellAnd further commands people to do evil so that he can then have a reason to destroy them!And when We would destroy a township We send commandment to its folk who live at ease, AND AFTERWARD they commit abomination therein, and so the Word (of doom) hath effect for it, and we annihilate it with complete annihilation. S. 17:16 PickthallThe Quran uses another word to denote that Allah is a liar, a schemer who has no problems using guile, namely kayd:And those who cry lies to Our signs We will draw them on little by little whence they know not; and I respite them — assuredly My guile (kaydee) is sure. S. 7:182-183 Arberry
and I shall respite them — assuredly My guile (kaydee) is sure. S. 68:45 ArberryThe lexicons provide the following definitions:Kaf-Ya-Dal (Kaf-Alif-Dal) = To be about to, be just on the point of, be well nigh, intend, wish, practise an artful device, desire, contrive/plot/devise such a thing, worked or laboured at or upon anything, to do something clandestinely, to deceive/beguile/circumvent, means of evading/eluding, vomited, emitted fire, had menstrual flux, gave up his spirit.
kada vb. (1)
perf. act. 12:76
impf. act. 12:5, 21:57, 86:15, 86:16
impv. 7:195, 11:55, 77:39
n.vb. 3:120, 4:76, 7:183, 8:18, 12:5, 12:28, 12:28, 12:33, 12:34, 12:50, 12:52, 20:60, 20:64, 20:69, 21:70, 22:15, 37:98, 40:25, 40:37, 52:42, 52:46, 68:45, 77:39, 86:15, 86:16, 105:2
pcple. pass. 52:42
LL, V7, p: 166, 167 (Source; underline emphasis ours)The Quran furnishes plenty of examples that exemplify the negative aspect and nature of this term, e.g. those who use kayd are deliberately intending something evil which results in their judgement for employing such wicked schemes:What, have they feet wherewith they walk, or have they hands wherewith they lay hold, or have they eyes wherewith they see, or have they ears wherewith they give ear? Say: ‘Call you then to your associates; then try your guile (keedooni) on me, and give me no respite. S. 7:195 Arberry
He [Jacob] said, ‘O my son [Joseph], relate not thy vision to thy brothers, lest they devise against thee some guile (fa yakeedoo laka kayda). Surely Satan is to man a manifest enemy. S. 12:5 Arberry
So when he [Potiphar] saw his [Joseph] shirt torn from behind, he said: Lo! this is of the guile of you (kaydikunna) women. Lo! the guile of you (kaydakunna) is very great. S. 12:28 Pickthall
So gather your guile (kaydakum); then come in battle-line. Whoever today gains the upper hand shall surely prosper. S. 20:64 Arberry
the day when their guile (kayduhum) shall avail them naught, and they shall not be helped. S. 52:46 Arberry
if you have a trick, try you now to trick Me (kaydun fa keedooni)!’ S. 77:39 ArberryAllah is even portrayed as stooping down to the level of the deceivers and liars by acting like them in his use of guile:They are devising guile (ya keedoona kaydan), and I am devising guile (Wa akeedu kaydan). S. 86:15-16There is more to the story. The Quran uses yet another word in describing the deception of Allah, that word being khida/khuda/khada:Verily, the hypocritesseek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them (Inna al-munafiqeenayukhadiaaoonaAllaha wahuwakhadiaauhum). And when they stand up for As-Salat (the prayer), they stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little. S. 4:142 Hilali-KhanHere, once again, is the lexical meaning of this specific word:Kh-Dal-Ayn = To hide/conceal, double or fold, deceive or outwit, pretend, to enter, vary in state/condition, refrain or refuse, relinquish, to be in little demand of, deviate from the right course, resist/unyield/incompliant, turn away and behave proudly.
khada’a vb. (1)
impf. act. 2:9, 8:62
pcple. act. 4:142
khada’a vb. (3) impf. act. 2:9, 4:142
LL, V2, p: 344, 345, 346, 347 (Source)Lest there be any confusion concerning the fact that this word means that Allah is a deceiver notice how this term is used in the following references:They (think to) deceive Allah (Yukhadiaaoona) and those who believe, while they only deceive (yakhdaaoona) themselves, and perceive (it) not! S. 2:9 Hilali-Khan
And if they would deceive thee (yakhdaaooka), then lo! Allah is Sufficient for thee. He it is Who supporteth thee with His help and with the believers, S. 8:6 PickthallIs there any doubt that the unbelievers were using deception as they tried to deceive Muhammad and his companions? Just as there is no doubt that Allah also uses deception in deceiving them!It gets worse. Satan accused Allah of misleading or deceiving him:He said: Now, because Thou hast sent me astray (aghwaytanee), verily I shall lurk in ambush for them on Thy Right Path. S. 7:16 Pickthall
[Iblis (Satan)] said: “O my Lord! Because you misled me(aghwaytanee), I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead (walaoghwiyannahum) them all. S. 15:39 Hilali-KhanWhat makes this last reference rather interesting is that Satan promises to do to mankind what Allah did to him, namely, pervert/deceive/mislead people from the path!Lest a Muslim say that these are the lies of Satan, that the enemy was merely slandering Allah, here is a text where the Quran acknowledges that the Devil was right since Allah does pervert/deceive/mislead people from the way:And my sincere counsel will not profit you, if I desire to counsel you sincerely, if God desires to pervert you (yughwiyakum); He is your Lord, and unto Him you shall be returned.’ S. 11:34 ArberryTo say that this is amazing would be a wild understatement.Concluding RemarksOur analysis has shown that Muhammad’s deity is a deceiver who cannot be trusted since he lies without hesitation.A Muslim may contend that Allah only deceives unbelievers who deserve it. The problem with this assertion is that the Muslim scripture teaches that Allah doesn’t merely deceive unbelievers but also his followers.For example, Allah deceived Muhammad into thinking that the fighting men at Badr were fewer in number than they actually were:When Allah showed them to you in your dream as few; and if He had shown them to you as many you would certainly have become weak-hearted and you would have disputed about the matter, but Allah saved (you); surely He is the Knower of what is in the breasts. And when He showed them to you, when you met, as few in your eyes and He made you to appear little in their eyes, in order that Allah might bring about a matter which was to be done, and to Allah are all affairs returned. S. 8:43-44 ShakirHence, Allah lies and deceives both believers and unbelievers without discrimination. Now contrast this with how the true God Yahweh operates:”Early in the morning, Jerub-Baal (that is, Gideon) and all his men camped at the spring of Harod. The camp of Midian was north of them in the valley near the hill of Moreh. The LORD said to Gideon, ‘You have too many men for me to deliver Midian into their hands. In order that Israel may not boast against me that her own strength has saved her, announce now to the people, “Anyone who trembles with fear may turn back and leave Mount Gilead.”’ So twenty-two thousand men left, while ten thousand remained. But the LORD said to Gideon, ‘There are still too many men. Take them down to the water, and I will sift them for you there. If I say, “This one shall go with you,” he shall go; but if I say, “This one shall not go with you,” he shall not go.’ So Gideon took the men down to the water. There the LORD told him, ‘Separate those who lap the water with their tongues like a dog from those who kneel down to drink.’ Three hundred men lapped with their hands to their mouths. All the rest got down on their knees to drink. The LORD said to Gideon, ‘With the three hundred men that lapped I will save you and give the Midianites into your hands. Let all the other men go, each to his own place.’ So Gideon sent the rest of the Israelites to their tents but kept the three hundred, who took over the provisions and trumpets of the others. Now the camp of Midian lay below him in the valley.” Judges 7:1-8 NIVIf this weren’t bad enough, one of the greatest lies and deceptions that Allah pulled over the world is the crucifixion of Christ. According to the Quran Jesus wasn’t crucified but Allah made it seem that way, thereby foisting Biblical Christianity on the masses!And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah,” – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of ‘Iesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not [i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)]: S. 4:157 Hilali-Khan
That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Apostle of God”; – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- Y. AliThus, Allah duped the followers of Christ into believing that Jesus died by crucifixion and further deceived them into thinking that he was then raised back to life on the third day. They then went out preaching this message boldly, with some of them dying as martyrs as a result of it!Interestingly, Allah’s schemes or deceptions are so troublesome that they even scared Muhammad. Islam’s prophet was so afraid of the schemes of his god that he prayed that Allah would not deceive him but deceive on his behalf:3551. Ibn Abbas said: “The Prophet used to supplicate, saying: ‘My Lord, aid me and do not aid against me, and grant me victory and do not grant victory over me, plot (scheme/connive/deceive) for me and do not plot (scheme/connive/deceive) against me, guide me and facilitate guidance for me, grant me victory over those who transgress against me. My Lord, make me ever-grateful to You, ever-remembering of You, ever-fearful of You, ever-obedient to You, ever-humble to You, oft-turning and returning to You. My Lord, accept my repentance, wash my sin, answer my call, make firm my proof, make firm my tongue, guide my heart, and remove the treachery of my chest (Rabbi A‘inni Wa La Tu‘in ‘Alayya, Wansurni Wa La Tansur ‘Alayya,WAMKURLi Wa LaTAMKUR‘Alayya, Wahdini Wa Yassir Lil-Huda, Wansurni ‘Ala Man Bagha ‘Alayya. Rabbij‘alni Laka Shakkaran, Laka Dhak-karan, Laka Rahhaban, Laka Mitwa‘an, Laka Mukhbitan, Ilaika Awwahan Muniba. Rabbi Taqabbal Tawabati, Waghsil Hawbati, Wa Ajib Da‘wati, Wa Thab-bit Hujjati, Wa Saddid Lisani Wahdi Qalbi, Waslu Sakhimata Sadri).’” (Sahih) …
[Abu ‘Eisa said:] This Hadith is Hasan Sahih. (English Translation of Jami‘ At-Tirmidhi, Compiled by Imam Hafiz Abu ‘Eisa Mohammad Ibn ‘Eisa At-Tirmidhi, translated by Abu Khaliyl (USA), ahadith edited and referenced by Hafiz Tahir Zubair ‘Ali Za’i [Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, First Edition: November 2007], Volume 6, From Hadith No. 3291 to 3956, Chapter 45. The Book Of Supplications From The Messenger Of Allah, pp. 258-259; capital and underline emphasis ours)Muhammad wasn’t the only person troubled by Allah’s lies since his closest companion was deftly afraid of his lord’s schemes. If one is still in doubt as to the meaning of the term makr consider Abu Bakr’s testimony who, despite being promised paradise by Muhammad, was rather uncertain about his status in the hereafter because of how unreliable and fickle his god is:”Although he had such a faith, which was too great to suffice all the inhabitants of the earth, he was afraid that his heart might go astray. So, he used to utter, while weeping: ‘Would that I have been a bitten tree!’ Whenever he was reminded of his position in Allah’s sight, he would say: ‘By Allah! I would not rest assured and feel safe from the deception of Allah (la amanu limakr Allah), even if I had one foot in paradise.’” (Khalid Muhammad Khalid, Successors of the Messenger, translated by Muhammad Mahdi al-Sharif [Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiyah, Beirut Lebanon, 2005], Book One: Abu Bakr Has Come, p. 99; bold and italic emphasis ours)(1)Now if both Muhammad and Abu Bakr were afraid of Allah’s schemes shouldn’t Muslims also be fearful of their god’s lies and deception?This very unflattering picture of God is quite embarrassing to say the least. After all, which person would be proud of a god who is described as the best deceiver, a beguiler who schemes and deliberately plots evil in order to accomplish his purposes?Such a depiction of the Deity is unbefitting the majesty and glory of the One who called Himself the Truth and who does not lie or change his mind since it is impossible for him to do so:”God is not a man, that he should lie, nor a son of man, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill?” Numbers 23:19
“He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a man, that he should change his mind.” 1 Samuel 15:29
“Into your hands I commit my spirit; redeem me, O LORD, the God of truth.” Psalm 31:5
“Jesus answered, ‘I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.’” John 14:6
“a faith and knowledge resting on the hope of eternal life, which God, who does not lie, promised before the beginning of time,” Titus 1:2
“Because God wanted to make the unchanging nature of his purpose very clear to the heirs of what was promised, he confirmed it with an oath. God did this so that, by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled to take hold of the hope offered to us may be greatly encouraged.” Hebrews 6:17-18The Quran’s description of Allah best fits the one whom the Lord Jesus identified as the father of all lies:”You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desire. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.” John 8:44In light of the foregoing it seems rather hard to deny that the spirit who spoke to Muhammad, the entity who is revealed in the Muslim scripture, is none other than Satan, the enemy of our souls, masquerading as God in order to deceive people away from the truth of the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ:”I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy. I promised you to one husband, to Christ, so that I might present you as a pure virgin to him. But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent’s cunning, your minds may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Christ. For if someone comes to you and preachesa Jesus other than the Jesus we preached, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it easily enough… For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ. And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve.” 2 Corinthians 11:2-4, 13-15
“But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned! As we have already said, so now I say again: If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let him be eternally condemned!” Galatians 1:8-9Recommended Readinghttp://answering-islam.org/Shamoun/allah_deceiver.htmhttp://answering-islam.org/Authors/Wood/deceptive_god.htmhttp://answering-islam.org/Shamoun/does_god_deceive.htmhttp://answering-islam.org/Shamoun/preserved-crucifixion.htmhttp://answering-islam.org/Responses/Osama/zawadi_paul_deceiver.htmhttp://answering-islam.org/Quran/Contra/command_evil.htmEndnotes(1) It needs to be pointed out that the Muslim translator has deliberately distorted the original text of Muhammad Khalid’s book. Instead of translating the Arabic words limakr Allah as “the deception of Allah” he has decided to render it as, “from Allah’s punishment,” in order to obscure the real meaning. It seems that the Muslim translator was rather embarrassed by Abu Bakr’s statement that Allah is a deceiver whose promises of granting eternal bliss to the faithful cannot be trusted.If the reader is interested in seeing what the original text really says we suggest that they turn to page 70 of the Arabic version of Muhammad Khalid’s book.Moreover, the author conveniently forgot to mention that the reason why Abu Bakr was afraid that his heart might turn away from the faith is because this close companion of Muhammad knew what the Quran says about Allah misleading and turning people away from the guidance:Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties about the hypocrites? Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they have earned. Do you want to guide him whom Allah has made to go astray? And he whom Allah has made to go astray, you will never find for him any way (of guidance). S. 4:88
And We sent not a Messenger except with the language of his people, in order that he might make (the Message) clear for them. Then Allah misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. S. 14:4Abu Bakr was therefore fearful of Allah turning his heart away and thereby condemning him to hell since he knew that his god was a deceiver who couldn’t be trusted to do as he says. This is despite the fact that Muhammad had personally guaranteed his salvation!Articles by Sam ShamounAnswering Islam Home Page
The Western intelligentsia’s capacity for self-flagellation and self-hatred seems to be endless. Jack Miles,Religion News Service tell us, is “author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning ‘God: A Biography’ and a retired professor of religion at the University of California Irvine, now offers an erudite and highly readable close reading of Allah’s real nature.”
Miles’ “erudite” take on Allah is that the god of the Qur’an is “more merciful” and “more moral” than the God of the Bible. Miles is, of course, being feted and celebrated for this in all the right places by all the right people, those who know that teaching the people of Western Europe and North America to despise their own culture and heritage, and to love that of Islam, is a good and noble endeavor.
Miles’ claims, however, are completely wrong. In the first place, there is the evidence of present-day reality. There have been well over 30,000 jihad terror attacks worldwide since 9/11; virtually all of them carried out by Muslims acting upon Qur’anic dictates, many of them screaming “Allahu akbar.” There have been no terror attacks committed by Jews screaming the Shema or Christians screaming “Jesus is Lord.” No doubt Christians have behaved violently in the name of Christ throughout the history of Christianity, but in doing so they never invoked the violent passages of the Bible as justification for their acts.
But Miles says: “I offer examples of great violence from Jewish and Christian Scriptures and note that we don’t deduce from that that all Jews and Christians are terrorists in waiting. If we don’t do that for ourselves, we shouldn’t do it for Muslims.” Of course. All Muslims aren’t “terrorists in waiting.” But Miles ignores the real reason why there are so very many Qur’an-motivated terrorists and so few, if any, Bible-motivated terrorists: while there is a great deal of violence in the Bible, it is descriptive, not prescriptive. That is, it describes violent acts commanded by God, and that has created a number of theological problems that have preoccupied many Jews and Christians ever after, but nowhere does it present those violent acts as something to be imitated.
The Qur’an, by contrast, exhorts Muslims to wage war against unbelievers in commands that are presented as universal, that is, applying to all Muslims for all time. It tells believers that “Muhammad is the apostle of Allah. Those who follow him are merciful to one another, ruthless to unbelievers” (48:29). It commands Muslims to “kill them wherever you find them” (2:191, 4:89) and “kill the idolaters wherever you find them” (9:5, and remember, Islam considers virtually all other religions to be idolatrous in one way or another). It commands Muslims to wage war against and subjugate Jews, Christians, and other “People of the Book” (9:29).
The idea that these Qur’an passages are not limited to a long-past time and faraway place, but are open-ended and still valid for Muslims, has been taught by Islamic exegetes from Muhammad’s first biographer Ibn Ishaq up to the present day. Muslim scholars throughout the history of Islam have taught that these passages and others like them mandate offensive jihad against unbelievers as the highest and final stage of the Qur’an’s teaching on jihad.
And as for Allah being “more moral” than the God of the Bible, consider these passages from the New Testament and the Qur’an:
“God our Savior…desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.” (I Timothy 2:3-4)
“And if we had willed, We could have given every soul its guidance, but the word from Me will come into effect: I will surely fill Hell with jinn and people all together.” (Qur’an 32:13)
So Allah is saying that he could have saved everyone, but has instead decided to torture some people in hell for all eternity, just because. “We’re talking about the same being,” Professor Miles? No, we aren’t.
god who is the first principle of all things, may be compared to things created as the architect is to things designed. - st. Thomas Aquinas (God the Architect of Creation -- Frontispiece of la Bible Moralisée - Codex Vindobonensis, circa 1220-1230)
god who is the first principle of all things, may be compared to things created as the architect is to things designed. - st. Thomas Aquinas (God the Architect of Creation -- Frontispiece of la Bible Moralisée - Codex Vindobonensis, circa 1220-1230)